Definitions of Generations

Definitions of Generations

Excerpts from ‘iBosses: The Rise of Gen y Entrepreneurs – The Momentum Behind the New Age of Entrepreneurs’

Generational cohorts may cover a period of 20 to 22 years, where each generation may be identified by birth year and the members have different profiles and characteristics, possibly influenced by significant life experiences (Severt et al., 2009).

Pendergast (2011) stated that there is no definitive birth range that characterizes each generation type. However, many scholars regard Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y in the following birth ranges:
· Baby Boomers were born from 1943 to 1960,
· Generation X was born from 1961 to 1981, and
· Generation Y was born from 1982 to 2002.

Kowske, Rasch, and Wiley (2010) expressed their concern over changes in the values and behaviors of recent generations. Jefferies and Hunte (2003) argued that Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y have dissimilar value systems and respond differently to situations. In addition, Pendergast (2011) provided a list of differences of the three generations in terms of the following factors: (a) beliefs and values, (b) motivations, (c) decision making, (d) earning and spending, (e) learning styles, (f) marketing and communication, (g) training environment, and (h) management and leadership.

一代人可横跨20至22年,每一代可按出生年份划分,其独特的个性和特质可能受重大的人生经历影响(Severt等著,2009年)。

Pendergast (2011年)表示每一个世代类型的出生年份范围并无统一定义,但许多学者根据以下出生年份划分婴儿潮世代、X世代和Y世代:
· 婴儿潮世代指在1943年至1960年出生的一代,
· X世代指在1961年至1981年出生的一代,而
· Y世代则指在1982年至2002年出生的一代。

Kowske、Rasch和Wiley (2010年)对近几代人价值观和行为上的转变表示忧虑。Jefferies和Hunte (2003年)认为婴儿潮世代、X世代和Y世代的价值观和处事方式南辕北辙。另外,Pendergast (2011年)根据以下因素列出三代人的差异:(a)信念和价值观、(b)动力、(c)决策、(d)收支、(e)学习风格、(f)营销和沟通方式、(g)培训环境和(h)管理和领导才能。

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